Richard Wagner - Die Walküre (LP, Stereo)
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Wilhelm Richard Wagner ( VAHG-nər; German: [ˈʁɪçaʁt ˈvaːɡnɐ] (listen); 22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his mature works were later known, "music dramas"). Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Carl Maria von Weber and Giacomo Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk ("total work of art"), by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama. He described this vision in a series of essays published between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung). His compositions, particularly those of his later period, are notable for their complex textures, rich harmonies and orchestration, and the elaborate use of leitmotifs—musical phrases associated with individual characters, places, ideas, or plot elements. His advances in musical language, such as extreme chromaticism and quickly shifting tonal centres, greatly influenced the development of classical music. His Tristan und Isolde is sometimes described as marking the start of modern music. Wagner had his own opera house built, the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, which embodied many novel design features. The Ring and Parsifal were premiered here and his most important stage works continue to be performed at the annual Bayreuth Festival, run by his descendants. His thoughts on the relative contributions of music and drama in opera were to change again, and he reintroduced some traditional forms into his last few stage works, including Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (The Mastersingers of Nuremberg). Until his final years, Wagner's life was characterised by political exile, turbulent love affairs, poverty and repeated flight from his creditors. His controversial writings on music, drama and politics have attracted extensive comment – particularly, since the late 20th century, where they express antisemitic sentiments. The effect of his ideas can be traced in many of the arts throughout the 20th century; his influence spread beyond composition into conducting, philosophy, literature, the visual arts and theatre.
Artist: Richard Wagner
Format: LP, Stereo
A1 Prelude • Vorspiel
A2 Act 1, Scene 1: Wes Herd Dies Auch Sei
A3 Act 1, Scene 2: Mud' Am Herd Fand Ich Den Mann
B1 Act 1, Scene 2 (Continuation): Aus dem Wald trieb es mich fort
B2 Act 1, Scene 3: Ein Schwert Verhiess Mir Der Vater
C1 Act 1, Scene 3 (Continuation): Der Männer Sippe - Dich Selige Frau - Wintersturme Wichen Dem Wonnermond - Du Bist Der Lenz - Siegmund Heiss'ich
D1 Act 2, Scene 1: Nun Zäume Dein Roß - Hojotoho!
D2 Act 2, Scene 1 (Continuation): Der Alte Sturm - So Ist Es, Denn Aus - Du Schufst Ihm Die Not
E1 Act 2, Scene 1 (Continuation): Was Verlangst Du? - Deiner Ew'gen Gattin
E2 Act 2, Scene 2: Schlimm, Fürcht Ich, Schloss Der Streit - Als Junger Liebe - Ein Andres Ist's
F1 Act 2, Scene 2 (Continuation): Ihrem Willem Muß Ich Gewähren
F2 Act 2, Scene 3: Raste Nun Hier - Hinweg, Hinweg... Da Er Sie Liebend Umfing - Horch! Die Hörner
F3 Act 2, Scene 4: Siegmund, Sieh Auf Mich (Todesverkündigung)
G1 Act 2, Scene 4 (Continuation): Der Dir Nun Folgt
G2 Act 2, Scene 5: Zauberfest Bezähmt Ein Schlaf
H1 Act 3, Scene 1: The Ride Of The Valkyries - Hojotoho! - Fort Denn Eile - O Herhrestes Wunder
H2 Act 3, Scene 2: Wo Ist Brünnhild?
I1 Act 3, Scene 2 (Continuation): Hier Bin Ich, Vater - Nicht Straf'ich Dich Erst - Nich Send'ich Dich Mehr - Der Dich Zwingt, Wird, Dir's Entziehn - Halt Ein, O Vater - Hörtet Ihr Nicht - War Es So Schmählich
J1 Act 3, Scene 3: Deinen Leichten Sinn - Leb'wohl, Du Kühnes Herrliches Kind - Closing Scene And Magic Fire Music